Can I Install Electric Car Charger Outside For Home Use?

As a charging pile manufacturer, we generally do not recommend installing electric car charger outdoors, because compared to installing them indoors, installing electric car charger outside will shorten the life of the charging pile.

However, charging piles can indeed be installed outdoors. This article will introduce the considerations for installing charging piles outdoors to help better use the charging piles and better extend the life of the charging piles.

electric car charger outside

1. Choose The Right EV Charger Type

Level 1 EV Chargers use a standard 120-volt household outlet. They are slower but can be sufficient for plug-in hybrids or if you have low daily driving needs.

Level 2 EV Chargers require a 240-volt outlet, similar to those used for large appliances like stoves or dryers. They charge faster and are more suitable for fully electric vehicles

A Level 2 charger is generally better for outdoor use compared to a Level 1 charger.

Level 2 chargers designed for outdoor use are typically more robust and better equipped to handle different weather conditions. They are often rated for outdoor use, making them more durable and reliable in an outdoor setting.

3 phase ev charger
1 Phase EV Charger

2. Key Considerations for EV Charger Installation Location

The closer the charger is to your electrical panel, the lower the installation costs will be. This minimizes the amount of wiring needed and reduces the complexity of the installation.

Choose a location that is convenient for parking and minimizes the length of the charging cable. This reduces the risk of tripping hazards and makes daily use more convenient.

Install the charger in a well-lit area to deter theft and vandalism. Consider additional security measures such as surveillance cameras or locking mechanisms.

Consider the location of your vehicle’s charging port. The charger should be positioned so that the cable can easily reach the port without being stretched or creating obstacles.

3. Key Functions and Features of Charging Station to Consider

Charging stations must be rated for outdoor use, which ensures it can withstand rain, snow, and other environmental factors. However, different countries have different regulations on this. For example, the United States requires a NEMA 3R, NEMA 4, or NEMA 4X rating.

Choose chargers with thermal protection features to prevent overheating, which can lead to fires. This is especially important for outdoor installations exposed to direct sunlight

The materials used should be robust and resistant to corrosion and physical damage. Look for chargers with a weather-resistant powder coating and durable construction.

Take steps to prevent unauthorized use, such as lockable enclosures or access control systems. Surveillance cameras and adequate lighting can also enhance security.

Proper cable management is essential for safety and convenience. Look for chargers with built-in cable management systems or install separate cable hangers to keep the charging cord off the ground when not in use. This prevents tripping hazards and protects the cable from damage

4. Consider additional protection measures

While outdoor-rated chargers are designed to withstand various weather conditions, additional protection can extend the life of your equipment. Consider installing an awning or canopy over the charging area to provide extra shelter from rain, snow, and direct sunlight.

Outdoor installations require proper grounding and ground fault protection to prevent electrical hazards. Make sure your charger and installation comply with all relevant safety standards.

While some homeowners may be tempted to install the charger themselves, it’s strongly recommended to hire a certified electrical contractor, preferably one with experience in EV charger installations. This ensures safety, compliance with local codes, and proper functionality of the system.

Install the charger in a well-lit area and consider additional security measures such as surveillance cameras, lockable enclosures, and regular security patrols to deter theft and vandalism.

Maintenance Tips – Install Electric Car Charger Outside

Maintaining charging piles installed outdoors involves several key measures to ensure optimal functionality and longevity. 

1.Regular inspection and cleaning of the charging equipment and surrounding area are essential to prevent debris accumulation and ensure safety. 

2.Checking for any signs of damage, corrosion, or wear on the charging cables, connectors, and protective covers helps maintain operational reliability. 

3.Additionally, periodic testing of electrical components and connections is crucial to identify and address potential issues early. 


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